Antenatal care

Prenatal care, also known as Antenatal care, is a type of preventive healthcare.

Its goal is to provide regular check-ups that allow doctors or midwives to treat and prevent potential health problems throughout the course of the pregnancy and to promote healthy lifestyles that benefit both mother and child.

Traditional Antenatal care consists

  • Monthly visits during the first two trimesters (from the 1st week to the 28th week)
  • Fortnightly visits from the 28th week to the 36th week of pregnancy
  • Weekly visits after 36th week to the delivery, from the 38th week to the 42nd week
  • Assessment of parental needs and family dynamics

Examination Perfomed

  • Collection of (mother's) medical history
  • Checking (mother's) blood pressure
  • (Mother's) height and weight
  • Pelvic exam
  • Doppler fetal heart rate monitoring
  • (Mother's) blood and urine tests
  • Discussion with caregive

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. It also called induced abortion. It is the medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy. Any qualified gynecologist (MD/DGO) can perform MTP. Any MBBS Doctor, who has obtained training in MTP, is allowed to perform this procedure. However, MTP should always be performed at a place recognized by government authorities.


  • Linfection of the womb
  • Some of the pregnancy remaining in the womb
  • excessive bleeding
  • damage of the entrance to the womb
  • damage to the womb


Vaginal Delivery

The most common way of childbirth is a vaginal delivery.

It involves three stages of labour: the shortening and opening of the cervix, descent and birth of the baby, and the delivery of the placenta.

  • The first stage typically lasts twelve to nineteen hours, the second stage twenty minutes to two hours, and the third stage five to thirty minutes
  • .
  • The first stage begins with crampy abdominal or back pains that last around half a minute and occur every ten to thirty minutes. The crampy pains become stronger and closer together over time.
  • In the third stage delayed clamping of the umbilical cord is generally recommended.
  • A number of methods can help with pain such as relaxation techniques, opioids, and spinal blocks.
  • During the second stage pushing with contractions may occur.

Natural Delivery

Natural childbirth is childbirth without routine medical interventions.Natural childbirth attempts to minimize medical intervention, particularly the use of anesthetic medications and surgical interventions Natural childbirth may occur during a physician or midwife attended hospital birth, a midwife attended homebirth, or an unassisted birth.