Abdominal Surgery

The Abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. Surgery of each abdominal organ is deal with separately in connection with the description of that organ (see stomach, kidney, liver, etc.) Diseases affecting the abdominal cavity are dealvwith generally under their own names (e.g. appendicitis)


Complications of abdominal surgery include, but are not limited to:

  • Adhesions (also called scar tissue): Complications of postoperative adhesion formation are frequent, they have a large negative effect on patients’ health, and increase workload in clinical practice
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Paralytic ileus (sometimes called ileus): short-term paralysis of the bowel
  • Perioperative mortality (death)
  • Shock


In most cases, the precancerous tissue can be removed and no further treatment is needed. Tissue can be removed by

  • loop excisions – large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) or loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
  • cone biopsy
  • laser surgery, which uses a laser beam to make bloodless cuts in tissue, or to remove a surface abnormality such as a tumour.

Sometimes, a very small cancer may be discovered in the sample, and further treatment may be needed.